Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival

January 5 - February 28, 2014
Harbin, China
Photo credit: Chip Conley
Harbin Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival
Crowd
    Intimate to                 Massive
Attendees
    Local to                 International
Participation
    Spectator to                 Immersive
Preparation
    Simple to                 Complicated
Transformation
    Quiet to                 Life-Altering

Overview

A temporary city, sculptures, and works of chilly art—all made from ice—are scattered throughout Harbin during this colorful two-month event each January and February.

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Festival Stats
  • Crowd
  • Attendees
  • Participation
  • Preparation
  • Transformation

Location

Harbin is China’s northernmost city (880 miles north of Beijing) established just across the Siberian border in Heilong Jiang Province.

Chip's take

Cold as hell frozen over, Harbin is an aesthetic heaven. I kept having flashbacks to…

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Cold as hell frozen over, Harbin is an aesthetic heaven. I kept having flashbacks to the sensory overload of the Opening Ceremony of the 2008 Beijing Olympics. The Chinese know how to create big, beautiful spectacles. And, as with the Burning Man festival in the U.S., the temporary nature of this art orgy makes it all the more transcendent as all this beauty will melt away in less than two months. This is one of my top family vacation recommendations in the world. But do it soon, as who knows what kind of impact global warming might have on Harbin.

One of my top picks for families. But see it soon–who knows what kind of impact global warming will have?

Photos & Videos From the Festival

  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2013 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014
  • Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014 Harbin Ice & Snow Sculpture Festival 2014

Essentials

Dress for warmth. You can buy a cheap, warm coat when you get here (we even saw live minks being rented for shoulder and neck warmth). Don’t forget to keep your hands and ears warm, too.

Do not miss these entertainment zones. Ice & Snow World on opening night only, Zhaolin Park at night in the city center, and the Snow Sculpture Art Expo on Sun Island during the day.

The best show is at night. When the sun goes down, the colored lights go on. It’s a photographic bonanza, so make sure you know your camera well enough to capture those tricky night shots.

Take your pick. When things start closing down in February, visitors can smash the sculptures with ice picks.


Practicalities

Work with local travel agent Cathy Zhang at Ice Festival Harbin, who can get you a local guide/driver/translator, tickets to all the right events and shows, and accommodations (we like the New Kailai Garden Hotel right on the river at the end of Central Avenue).

Details

At the Harbin International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival, you’ll get into a habit of dropping your jaw—that is until your teeth start chattering. Set in Harbin’s coldest months, this festival features breathtaking temporary works of art, all created with ice from the Songhua River. Between the four primary parks and amusement zones, there are a few thousand pieces, not to mention all the ice architecture created throughout the city for the winter (it's everywhere you look). This 2-month festival in January and February is a must-see for families and gives a whole new meaning to the name Winter Wonderland.

Over the course of a hurried half-month, more than 15,000 people carve (by hand or laser) more than 4 million cubic feet of ice.

Breaking the Ice

The Ice Lantern Festival was the precursor to the current festival, which started in 1963 but was put on hold during the Cultural Revolution. A few hundred years ago, during the Qing Dynasty, local fishermen would hollow out pails of ice and put candles in them for light at night. Over time, lanterns went from being strictly functional to being an aesthetic fixture.

Today it's a combination of art and science that creates the elaborate and ornate ice and snow spectacle. Deionized water is used on some pieces to produce ice as transparent as glass, and multicolored lights add multi-dimensional depth and beauty. Over the course of a hurried half-month, more than 15,000 people carve (by hand or laser) more than 4 million cubic feet of ice. From scaled-down versions of the Forbidden City and the Great Wall to simpler student-created pieces, the sheer volume of beauty is staggering.

City of Joy

This industrial city near the Siberian Russian border might be named after the Manchu phrase for “a place for drying fishing nets,” but there’s more to this city than the hundreds of 50-story apartment buildings that greet you on your way into town. Known as Ice City across China, Harbin holds delightful surprises in its city center. Here you’ll find a handful of Russian influences (in the 1920s a third of the population was Russian), monumental boulevards, and Beaux Art influenced architecture that has earned Harbin the name Paris of the Orient.

During the Harbin International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival, 800,000 visitors descend on the city, with 90% from China (this is one of the country’s top winter destinations). While there are amazing sculptures nearly everywhere you turn, there are a few amusement zones you shouldn’t miss including Ice & Snow World (opening night only), Zhaolin Park (nighttime experience in the city center) and the Snow Sculpture Art Expo on Sun Island (daytime only, so not as photogenic). The festival starts and ends on a loud note, with a huge fireworks display on the January 5th opening and the chance for visitors to smash the sculptures with ice picks when things close down in February.

If you've had your fill of ice sculpture, check out crazy swimmers as they take a dip in the frozen Songhua River, or the Siberian Tiger Park, home to the endangered Liger (lion/tiger). They say, "If you haven’t been to Central Avenue, you haven't been to Harbin," so take time to stroll this one-mile corridor, lined with 77 ornately designed buildings, half of which are historic landmarks.